Family Law & Adoption

Family Law & Adoption

Family law is a very wide area in the law world. It isn’t something based on one or two things that the legal system deals with, but with a wide variety of things. There are many instances that fall into the hands of family law including:

  • divorce
  • spousal support
  • child support
  • custody
  • division of assets and liabilities due to divorce
  • adoption
  • termination of parental rights
  • paternity
  • dependency and child neglect
  • protection from abuse

You can see that in order to cover everything that family law encompasses would be to essentially write an entire book. So, we’re going to pick a couple of topics from above and give you a brief overview of each of them. Here, we’ll take a look at family law and its relationship to adoption by reviewing a few of the different types of adoption that are available.

Adoption Situations Under Family Law

There are several different situations that an adoption can occur, as well as different types of adoptions. An adoption may occur under family when a child becomes a ward of the state, whether due to abuse, neglect, or abandonment. When this happens, an agency adoption will likely happen. Public agencies may place the child into an adopted home to look out for their well being. Some of the other types of adoption are:

·       Independent Adoption:  An independent adoption is when the birth parent(s) voluntarily gives their child up for adoption to someone without the use of an agency. There are many situations that can lead to birth parent(s) deciding on this course of action. Although there are no agencies involved, there are commonly doctors, attorneys or others involved. In these kinds of adoptions, an attorney is most likely needed to ensure the proper paperwork is in order. If you’re planning on going this route, you should know that family law does not permit them in Connecticut, Delaware, or Massachusetts.

·       Identified Adoption: If the birth parent(s) and the adoptive parents meet and request an agency to become involved, then it is called an identified adoption. Some adoptive parent(s) may wish to find the birth parent(s) on their own, which means they don’ t have to go through the waiting process they would likely have to do otherwise. This kind of adoption is allowed in those states that don’t allow the independent adoption.

Relative Adoptions: Relative, or kinship adoptions are when a member of the family comes forward to adopt the child. You commonly see grandparents do this when a parent dies or becomes unable to care for the child.